Biografie und Filmografie: Paul Zerbst ist ein deutscher Schauspieler. Er wurde im Alter von neun Jahren für den Film entdeckt. Er wirkte von 20in. Paul Zerbst ist ein deutscher Schauspieler. Zerbst wurde im Alter von neun Jahren für den Film entdeckt. Seine erste Rolle hatte er im Film Pommery und Leichenschmaus. Es folgten Auftritte in Geküsst wird vor Gericht, 3 Engel auf der. Paul Zerbst, Actor: Meine wunderbare Familie. Paul Zerbst was born in July in Berlin, Germany. He is an actor, known for Meine wunderbare Familie.
Paul ZerbstPaul Zerbst was born in July in Berlin, Germany. He is an actor, known for Meine wunderbare Familie (), Geküsst wird vor Gericht (). Paul Zerbst - Alle Bilder, Filme, TV Serien und Fakten finden Sie hier zum Star auf TV Spielfilm. Jetzt hier informieren! Profile von Personen mit dem Namen Paul Zerbst anzeigen. Tritt Facebook bei, um dich mit Paul Zerbst und anderen Personen, die du kennen könntest, zu.
Paul Zerbst Paul Zerbst Trivia VideoPrincess Sophia Fredericka (Catherine II) meets Sergei Saltykov [Ekaterina] Teaneck, NJ, is where Paul Zerbst lives today. Other names that Paul uses includes Paul W Zerbst. Background details that you might want to know about Paul include: ethnicity is Caucasian, whose political affiliation is unknown; and religious views are listed as Christian. We know that Paul is married at this point. Find a Grave, database and images (kamajell.com: accessed), memorial page for Paul August Zerbst (23 Jul –10 Jan ), Find a Grave Memorial no. , citing Woodmere Cemetery, Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan, USA ; Maintained by Pat Bruce (contributor ). The best result we found for your search is Paul F Zerbst age 50s in Hanahan, SC. They have also lived in North Charleston, SC and Charleston, SC. Paul is related to Jay D Zerbst and Lynda M Zerbst as well as 3 additional people. Select this result to view Paul F Zerbst's phone number, address, and more. Paul Zerbst (* Juli in Berlin) ist ein deutscher Schauspieler. Zerbst wurde im Alter von neun Jahren für den Film entdeckt. Seine erste Rolle hatte er im Film Pommery und Leichenschmaus. Es folgten Auftritte in Geküsst wird vor Gericht (), 3 Engel auf der Chefetage () und Polizeiruf (). Steven Eric Zerbst Goose Creek - Steven Eric Zerbst, 57, of Goose Creek, SC, died Tuesday, June 21, His memorial service will be held Sunday, June 26, , in J. HENRY STUHR, INC., NORTHWOODS C. Paul Zerbst ist ein deutscher Schauspieler. Zerbst wurde im Alter von neun Jahren für den Film entdeckt. Seine erste Rolle hatte er im Film Pommery und Leichenschmaus. Es folgten Auftritte in Geküsst wird vor Gericht, 3 Engel auf der. Paul Zerbst (* Juli in Berlin) ist ein deutscher Schauspieler. Zerbst wurde im Alter von neun Jahren für den Film entdeckt. Seine erste Rolle hatte er. Paul Zerbst - Alle Bilder, Filme, TV Serien und Fakten finden Sie hier zum Star auf TV Spielfilm. Jetzt hier informieren! Paul Zerbst ist ein Schauspieler. Entdecke seine Biographie, Details seiner Karriere und alle News.
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He is an actor, known for Meine wunderbare Familie , Tatort and Les enfants contre-attaquent Born: July, in Berlin, Germany. John, and therefore to Paul, when the British captured it from the French in September Petersburg, reaching Reval 14 May , but after the conspiracy assassinated Paul 23 March , the new Tsar Alexander opened peace-negotiations shortly after taking the throne.
The most original aspect of Paul I's foreign policy was his rapprochement with France after the coalition fell apart.
Several scholars have argued that this change in position, radical though it seemed, made sense, as Bonaparte became First Consul and made France a more conservative state, consistent with Paul's view of the world.
Throughout his reign, his policies focused reestablishing peace and the balance of power in Europe, while supporting autocracy and old monarchies, without seeking to expand Russia's borders.
In lieu of Russia's failure to honour the terms of the Treaty of Georgievsk , Qajar Iran reinvaded Georgia and captured and sacked Tbilisi.
Georgian rulers felt they had nowhere else to turn now as Georgia was again re-subjugated by Iran.
Tbilisi was captured and burnt to the ground, and eastern Georgia reconquered. However, Agha Mohammad Khan , Persia's ruler, was assassinated in in Shusha , after which the Persian grip on Georgia softened again.
Erekle, King of Kartli-Kakheti , still dreaming of a united Georgia, died a year later. After his death, a civil war broke out over the succession to the throne of Kartli-Kakheti, and one of the rival candidates called on Russia to intervene and decide matters.
On 8 January , Tsar Paul I signed a decree on the incorporation of Georgia Kartli-Kakheti within the Russian Empire,   which was confirmed by Tsar Alexander I on 12 September Some of the Georgian nobility did not accept the decree until April , when General Knorring held the nobility in Tbilisi 's Sioni Cathedral and forced them to take an oath on the imperial crown of Russia.
Those who disagreed were arrested. In the summer of , Russian troops on the Askerani River and near Zagam defeated the Persian army.
In , the kingdom of Imereti Western Georgia was annexed by the Russian Empire after the suppression of King Solomon II 's resistance.
Paul's premonitions of assassination were well founded. His attempts to force the nobility to adopt a code of chivalry alienated many of his trusted advisors.
The Emperor also discovered outrageous machinations and corruption in the Russian treasury. As he had revoked Catherine's decree allowing corporal punishment of the free classes, and directed reforms that resulted in greater rights for the peasantry and provided for better treatment for serfs on agricultural estates, many of his policies greatly annoyed the noble class and induced his enemies to work out a plan of action.
A conspiracy was organized, some months before it was executed, by Counts Peter Ludwig von der Pahlen , Nikita Petrovich Panin , and Admiral de Ribas , with the alleged support of the British ambassador in Saint Petersburg , Charles Whitworth.
The assassins included General Bennigsen , a Hanoverian in the Russian service, and General Yashvil , a Georgian. They charged into Paul's bedroom, flushed with drink after dining together, and found the emperor hiding behind some drapes in the corner.
Paul offered some resistance, and Nikolay Zubov struck him with a sword, after which the assassins strangled and trampled him to death. Paul's successor on the Russian throne, his year-old son Alexander , was actually in the palace at the time of the killing; he had "given his consent to the overthrow of Paul, but had not supposed that this would be carried out by means of assassination".
Go and rule! There is some evidence that Paul I was venerated as a saint among the Russian Orthodox populace,  even though he was never officially canonized by any of the Orthodox Churches.
In , Dmitry Merezhkovsky published his tragedy Paul I ; the most prominent performance of which was made on the Soviet Army Theatre's stage in , with Oleg Borisov as Paul.
The Patriot film , directed by Ernst Lubitsch , is a biopic starring Emil Jannings as Paul. It won the Best Writing Oscar at the 2nd Academy Awards.
It is now mostly lost , with about one-third of the film preserved in archives. In Sartre 's novel Nausea , Marquis de Rollebon, a fictional character being studied by the protagonist Antoine Roquentin, is implicit in Paul I's assassination.
The Soviet experimental film Assa has a subplot revolving around Paul's murder; Paul is portrayed by Dmitry Dolinin.
The film portrays Paul more compassionately than the long-existing stories about him. The movie won the Michael Tariverdiev Prize for best music to a film at the Open Russian Film Festival Kinotavr , in The young Paul appears in the Russia-1 television series Ekaterina Catherine.
The young Paul is portrayed by Joseph Quinn in the HBO mini-series Catherine the Great. Paul and Sophie had ten children; nine survived to adulthood and from whom can be traced 19 grandchildren :.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Emperor of All Russia. In this Eastern Slavic name , the patronymic is Petrovich. Portrait of Paul I by Vladimir Borovikovsky , Peter and Paul Cathedral.
Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt. Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg. Alexander I of Russia Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich Alexandra Pavlovna, Palatina of Hungary Elena Pavlovna, Hereditary Princess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Maria Pavlovna, Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Catherine Pavlovna, Queen of Württemberg Grand Duchess Olga Pavlovna Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands Nicholas I of Russia Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich.
Main article: Personality and reputation of Paul I of Russia. See also: Georgia within the Russian Empire. Further information: Treaty of Georgievsk and Battle of Krtsanisi.
Ancestors of Paul I of Russia  8. Frederick IV, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp 4. Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp 9. Princess Hedvig Sophia of Sweden 2.
Peter III of Russia Peter I of Russia 5. Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna of Russia Catherine I of Russia 1. Paul I of Russia John Louis I, Prince of Anhalt-Dornburg 6.
Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst Christine Eleonore von Zeutch 3. Catherine II of Russia Prince Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp 7.
Princess Johanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp Princess Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach. The New York Sun.
Retrieved Encyclopaedia of Saint Petersburg. Alexander, Catherine the Great: Life and Legend Oxford UP, pp 3— Almedingen, So dark a stream; a study of the Emperor Paul I of Russia, pp 56— An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Uniforms of the Napoleonic wars Russian Grenadiers and Infantry Not long after the Moscow Foundling Home, at the instigation of her factotum, Ivan Betskoy, she wrote a manual for the education of young children, drawing from the ideas of John Locke , and founded the famous Smolny Institute in , first of its kind in Russia.
At first, the institute only admitted young girls of the noble elite, but eventually it began to admit girls of the petit-bourgeoisie as well.
Central to the institute's philosophy of pedagogy was strict enforcement of discipline. Running and games were forbidden, and the building was kept particularly cold because too much warmth was believed to be harmful to the developing body, as was excessive play.
From to , no progress was made in setting up a national school system. The Corps then began to take children from a very young age and educate them until the age of 21, with a broadened curriculum that included the sciences, philosophy, ethics, history, and international law.
These reforms in the Cadet Corps influenced the curricula of the Naval Cadet Corps and the Engineering and Artillery Schools. Following the war and the defeat of Pugachev, Catherine laid the obligation to establish schools at the guberniya —a provincial subdivision of the Russian empire ruled by a governor—on the Boards of Social Welfare set up with the participation of elected representatives from the three free estates.
By , Catherine arranged another advisory commission to review the information she had gathered on the educational systems of many different countries.
He was strongly in favor of the adoption of the Austrian three-tier model of trivial, real, and normal schools at the village, town, and provincial capital levels.
In addition to the advisory commission, Catherine established a Commission of National Schools under Pyotr Zavadovsky. This commission was charged with organizing a national school network, as well as providing teacher training and textbooks.
On 5 August , the Russian Statute of National Education was created. It also stipulated in detail the subjects to be taught at every age and the method of teaching.
In addition to the textbooks translated by the commission, teachers were provided with the "Guide to Teachers". This work, divided into four parts, dealt with teaching methods, subject matter, teacher conduct, and school administration.
Despite these efforts, later historians of the 19th century were generally critical. Some claimed Catherine failed to supply enough money to support her educational program.
Throughout Russia, the inspectors encountered a patchy response. While the nobility provided appreciable amounts of money for these institutions, they preferred to send their own children to private, prestigious institutions.
Also, the townspeople tended to turn against the junior schools and their pedagogical [ clarification needed ] methods.
Yet by the end of Catherine's reign, an estimated 62, pupils were being educated in some state institutions. While a significant improvement, it was only a minuscule number, compared to the size of the Russian population.
Catherine's apparent embrace of all things Russian including Orthodoxy may have prompted her personal indifference to religion.
She nationalised all of the church lands to help pay for her wars, largely emptied the monasteries, and forced most of the remaining clergymen to survive as farmers or from fees for baptisms and other services.
Very few members of the nobility entered the church, which became even less important than it had been. She did not allow dissenters to build chapels, and she suppressed religious dissent after the onset of the French Revolution.
However, Catherine promoted Christianity in her anti-Ottoman policy, promoting the protection and fostering of Christians under Turkish rule. She placed strictures on Catholics ukaz of 23 February , mainly Polish, and attempted to assert and extend state control over them in the wake of the partitions of Poland.
Catherine took many different approaches to Islam during her reign. She avoided force and tried persuasion and money to integrate Moslem areas into her empire.
They were pressured into Orthodoxy through monetary incentives. Catherine promised more serfs of all religions, as well as amnesty for convicts, if Muslims chose to convert to Orthodoxy.
However, the Legislative Commission of offered several seats to people professing the Islamic faith.
This commission promised to protect their religious rights, but did not do so. Many Orthodox peasants felt threatened by the sudden change, and burned mosques as a sign of their displeasure.
Catherine chose to assimilate Islam into the state rather than eliminate it when public outcry became too disruptive.
After the "Toleration of All Faiths" Edict of , Muslims were permitted to build mosques and practise all of their traditions, the most obvious of these being the pilgrimage to Mecca , which previously had been denied.
Catherine created the Orenburg Muslim Spiritual Assembly to help regulate Muslim-populated regions as well as regulate the instruction and ideals of mullahs.
The positions on the Assembly were appointed and paid for by Catherine and her government as a way of regulating religious affairs.
In , Catherine approved the subsidising of new mosques and new town settlements for Muslims. This was another attempt to organise and passively control the outer fringes of her country.
By building new settlements with mosques placed in them, Catherine attempted to ground many of the nomadic people who wandered through southern Russia.
In , she assimilated the Islamic schools into the Russian public school system under government regulation. The plan was another attempt to force nomadic people to settle.
This allowed the Russian government to control more people, especially those who previously had not fallen under the jurisdiction of Russian law.
Russia often treated Judaism as a separate entity, where Jews were maintained with a separate legal and bureaucratic system.
Although the government knew that Judaism existed, Catherine and her advisers had no real definition of what a Jew is because the term meant many things during her reign.
When Catherine agreed to the First Partition of Poland , the large new Jewish element was treated as a separate people, defined by their religion.
Catherine separated the Jews from Orthodox society, restricting them to the Pale of Settlement. She levied additional taxes on the followers of Judaism; if a family converted to the Orthodox faith, that additional tax was lifted.
Converted Jews could gain permission to enter the merchant class and farm as free peasants under Russian rule. In an attempt to assimilate the Jews into Russia's economy, Catherine included them under the rights and laws of the Charter of the Towns of Catherine tried to keep the Jews away from certain economic spheres, even under the guise of equality; in , she banned Jewish citizens from Moscow's middle class.
In , Catherine declared Jews to be officially foreigners, with foreigners' rights. Catherine's decree also denied Jews the rights of an Orthodox or naturalised citizen of Russia.
Taxes doubled again for those of Jewish descent in , and Catherine officially declared that Jews bore no relation to Russians.
In many ways, the Orthodox Church fared no better than its foreign counterparts during the reign of Catherine.
Under her leadership, she completed what Peter III had started: The church's lands were expropriated, and the budget of both monasteries and bishoprics were controlled by the College of Economy.
The endowments were often much less than the original intended amount. Only , rubles of church wealth were paid back.
In , to help mend the rift between the Orthodox church and a sect that called themselves the Old Believers , Catherine passed an act that allowed Old Believers to practise their faith openly without interference.
They refused to comply, and in , she deported over 20, Old Believers to Siberia on the grounds of their faith. Old Believers were allowed to hold elected municipal positions after the Urban Charter of , and she promised religious freedom to those who wished to settle in Russia.
Religious education was reviewed strictly. At first, she simply attempted to revise clerical studies, proposing a reform of religious schools.
This reform never progressed beyond the planning stages. By , Catherine excluded all religion and clerical studies programs from lay education.
She transformed the clergy from a group that wielded great power over the Russian government and its people to a segregated community forced to depend on the state for compensation.
Catherine, throughout her long reign, took many lovers, often elevating them to high positions for as long as they held her interest and then pensioning them off with gifts of serfs and large estates.
Catherine gave away 66, serfs from to , , from to , and , in one day: 18 August In , Catherine decreed that after seven years in one rank, civil servants automatically would be promoted regardless of office or merit.
After her affair with her lover and adviser Grigori Alexandrovich Potemkin ended in , he allegedly selected a candidate-lover for her who had the physical beauty and mental faculties to hold her interest such as Alexander Dmitriev-Mamonov and Nicholas Alexander Suk .
Some of these men loved her in return, and she always showed generosity towards them, even after the affair ended. One of her lovers, Pyotr Zavadovsky, received 50, rubles, a pension of 5, rubles and 4, peasants in Ukraine after she dismissed him in Her sexual independence led to many of the legends about her.
Catherine kept her illegitimate son by Grigori Orlov Alexis Bobrinsky , later elevated to Count Bobrinsky by Paul I near Tula , away from her court.
In terms of elite acceptance of a female ruler, it was more of an issue in Western Europe than in Russia. The British ambassador James Harris, 1st Earl of Malmesbury reported back to London:.
Poniatowski, through his mother's side, came from the Czartoryski family , prominent members of the pro-Russian faction in Poland; Poniatowski and Catherine were eighth cousins, twice removed by their mutual ancestor King Christian I of Denmark , by virtue of Poniatowski's maternal descent from the Scottish House of Stuart.
Catherine, 26 years old and already married to the then-Grand Duke Peter for some 10 years, met the year-old Poniatowski in , therefore well before encountering the Orlov brothers.
In , Poniatowski served in the British Army during the Seven Years' War, thus severing close relationships with Catherine.
She bore him a daughter named Anna Petrovna in December not to be confused with Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna of Russia , the daughter of Peter I's second marriage.
King Augustus III of Poland died in , so Poland needed to elect a new ruler. Catherine supported Poniatowski as a candidate to become the next king.
She sent the Russian army into Poland to avoid possible disputes. Russia invaded Poland on 26 August , threatening to fight, and imposing Poniatowski as king.
Poniatowski accepted the throne, and thereby put himself under Catherine's control. News of Catherine's plan spread, and Frederick II others say the Ottoman sultan warned her that if she tried to conquer Poland by marrying Poniatowski, all of Europe would oppose her.
She had no intention of marrying him, having already given birth to Orlov's child and to the Grand Duke Paul by then. Prussia through the agency of Prince Henry , Russia under Catherine , and Austria under Maria Theresa began preparing the ground for the partitions of Poland.
Russia got territories east of the line connecting, more or less, Riga — Polotsk — Mogilev. In the second partition, in , Russia received the most land, from west of Minsk almost to Kiev and down the river Dnieper, leaving some spaces of steppe down south in front of Ochakov , on the Black Sea.
Later uprisings in Poland led to the third partition in Poland ceased to exist as an independent nation. Grigory Orlov, the grandson of a rebel in the Streltsy Uprising against Peter the Great, distinguished himself in the Battle of Zorndorf 25 August , receiving three wounds.
He represented an opposite to Peter's pro-Prussian sentiment, with which Catherine disagreed. By , Catherine and he had become lovers; no one told Catherine's husband, the Grand Duke Peter.
Grigory Orlov and his other three brothers found themselves rewarded with titles, money, swords, and other gifts, but Catherine did not marry Grigory, who proved inept at politics and useless when asked for advice.
He received a palace in Saint Petersburg when Catherine became empress. Orlov died in Their son, Aleksey Grygoriovich Bobrinsky — , had one daughter, Maria Alexeyeva Bobrinsky Bobrinskaya — , who married in the year-old Prince Nikolai Sergeevich Gagarin London, England, — who took part in the Battle of Borodino 7 September against Napoleon , and later served as ambassador in Turin, the capital of the Kingdom of Sardinia.
In , Catherine's close friends informed her of Orlov's affairs with other women, and she dismissed him. By the winter of , the Pugachev revolt had started to threaten.
Catherine's son Paul had started gaining support; both of these trends threatened her power. She called Potemkin for help—mostly military—and he became devoted to her.
In , Catherine wrote to Potemkin. Days earlier, she had found out about an uprising in the Volga region.
She appointed General Aleksandr Bibikov to put down the uprising, but she needed Potemkin's advice on military strategy. Potemkin quickly gained positions and awards.
Russian poets wrote about his virtues, the court praised him, foreign ambassadors fought for his favour, and his family moved into the palace.
He later became the de facto absolute ruler of New Russia, governing its colonisation. In , Emperor Joseph II , the son of Holy Roman Empress Maria Theresa, toyed with the idea of determining whether or not to enter an alliance with Russia, and asked to meet Catherine.
Potemkin had the task of briefing him and travelling with him to Saint Petersburg. Potemkin also convinced Catherine to expand the universities in Russia to increase the number of scientists.
Catherine worried Potemkin's poor health would delay his important work colonizing and developing the south as he had planned.
He died at the age of 52 in Though Catherine's life and reign included remarkable personal successes, they ended in two failures. Her Swedish cousin once removed , King Gustav IV Adolph , visited her in September , the empress's intention being that her granddaughter Alexandra should become queen of Sweden by marriage.
A ball was given at the imperial court on 11 September when the engagement was supposed to be announced.
Gustav Adolph felt pressured to accept that Alexandra would not convert to Lutheranism, and though he was delighted by the young lady, he refused to appear at the ball and left for Stockholm.
The frustration affected Catherine's health. She recovered well enough to begin to plan a ceremony which would establish her favourite grandson Alexander as her heir, superseding her difficult son Paul, but she died before the announcement could be made, just over two months after the engagement ball.
She was given the last rites and died the following evening around Later, several unfounded stories circulated regarding the cause and manner of her death.
A popular insult to the empress's legacy at the time is that she died after having sex with her horse. The story claimed that her maids believed that Catherine spent too much unsupervised time with her favourite horse, Dudley.
Given the frequency which this story was repeated together with Catherine's love of her adopted homeland and her hippophilia, it was an easy step to apply this scurrilous story as the cause of her death.
Catherine's undated will, discovered in early by her secretary Alexander Vasilievich Khrapovitsky among her papers, gave specific instructions should she die: "Lay out my corpse dressed in white, with a golden crown on my head, and on it inscribe my Christian name.
Mourning dress is to be worn for six months, and no longer: the shorter the better. On 25 November, the coffin, richly decorated in gold fabric, was placed atop an elevated platform at the Grand Gallery's chamber of mourning, designed and decorated by Antonio Rinaldi.
Catherine was stretched on a ceremonial bed surrounded by the coats of arms of all the towns in Russia.
Her face was left uncovered, and her fair hand rested on the bed. All the ladies, some of whom took turn to watch by the body, would go and kiss this hand, or at least appear to.
The royal families of Britain, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain and Sweden descend from Catherine the Great. Olga Constantinovna of Russia , great-great-granddaughter of Catherine, was the paternal grandmother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and his descendants which include Prince Charles, Prince of Wales ; his son, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge ; and William's son, Prince George of Cambridge ; the three direct heirs to the throne of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
She also was a maternal great-great-great-great-great grandmother of Prince Edward, 2nd Duke of Kent , Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy and Prince Michael of Kent through her great-great-great-great granddaughter Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent , and who are all grandchildren of King George V.
Elena Pavlovna of Russia , Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and granddaughter of Catherine, was the paternal great-great-great-great-grandmother of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark.
Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia , Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and great-great-granddaughter of Catherine, was the maternal great-grandmother of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark.
King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands is a great-great-great-grandson of Anna Pavlovna of Russia , who was a granddaughter of Catherine.
Olga Constantinovna of Russia , great-great-granddaughter of Catherine, was the maternal great-great-grandmother of King Felipe VI.
Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia — , Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, and granddaughter of Catherine, was the great-great-great-great-grandmother of King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden.
We, Catherine the second, by the Grace of God, Empress and Autocrat of all the Russians at Moscow, Kiev, Vladimir, Novgorod, Czarina of Kasan, Czarina of Astrachan, Czarina of Siberia, Lady of Pleskow and Grand Duchess of Smolensko, Duchess of Estonia and Livland, Carelial, Tver, Yugoria, Permia, Viatka and Bulgaria and others; Lady and Grand Duchess of Novgorod in the Netherland of Chernigov, Resan, Rostov, Yaroslav, Beloosrial, Udoria, Obdoria, Condinia, and Ruler of the entire North region and Lady of the Yurish, of the Cartalinian and Grusinian czars and the Cabardinian land, of the Cherkessian and Gorsian princes and the lady of the manor and sovereign of many others .
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Sophia Augusta Frederica of Anhalt-Zerbst. Empress of Russia from to For other uses, see Catherine the Great disambiguation.
Empress of Russia. Portrait of Catherine II in her 50s, by Johann Baptist von Lampi the Elder. Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral, Saint Petersburg.
Peter III of Russia. Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov by marriage Ascania by birth. Russian Orthodox — prev. Lutheran — Main article: Russian history, — Main article: Partitions of Poland.
See also: Serfdom in Russia. Main article: Russian Enlightenment. See also: Islam in Russia. See also: Judaism in Russia. Ancestors of Catherine the Great  8.
John VI, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst 4. John Louis I, Prince of Anhalt-Dornburg 9. Duchess Sophie Auguste of Holstein-Gottorp 2. Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst Georg Volrath von Zeutsch 5.
Christine Eleonore von Zeutsch